People used to smooth their woods with sandpapers by using their hands before the sanders came into the market. Nowadays sanders are becoming popular with the people involved in woodwork.

There are many types of sanders in the market. And users have to use different types of techniques while functioning.

If you are interested in woodwork and looking for a new sander, this article provides information on everything about sander.

Why Use a Sander?

In woodwork, people have to make their wood surfaces smoother for furniture, boards, and also need to cut wood in a certain shape, etc.

This work is much efficient with the sander than the sandpaper using by the hand directly.

For working with much efficiency people involved in woodwork are more comfortable with the sanders as it saves time and makes work easier.

Types of Sanders Available in Markets

The most wanted sanders available in markets are listed below

  • Belt Sander
  • Disc Sander
  • Combined Disc and Belt Sander
  • Oscillating Spindle Sander
  • Orbital Sander
  • Random Orbital Sander
  • Palm Sander
  • Drum Sander
  • Detail Sander
  • Drywall Sander
  • Stroke Sander etc.

Where, When, and How to Use: All about Sanders

Belt Sander

A belt sander is not for flat boards.  It is used for mainly shaping the edges or more complex areas like inner corners or slightly tricky areas etc.

It contains sandpaper as a belt. And it moves like a treadmill belt and thus makes the sanding procedures.

Disc Sander

Disc sander has many kinds. Two of them are

  • Portable Disk Sander
  • Bench Top Disk Sander

The first one consists of portable disks, which can be changed according to the needs. These types of sander are very easier to use and also user friendly. It is mainly used for sanding large areas and curves.

The second one is very useful for a smaller piece of wood, and it makes the sanding work so quickly.

Combined disk and belt sander

Technology has come with a combination of two types of the sander. So that people have to buy one sander in the place of two.

This type of sander can alone do the works of the two sanders named by belt sander and disk sander.

Oscillating Spindle Sander

This type of sander is pretty much good as a little detailed sander available in markets. People typically use this at the very corners.

The oscillating motion not only doesn’t do the words any harm but it is also very useful because they are almost varying down on the points of the triangular pad the sander has.

It is a triangular-shaped sander and can smoothen a little area at a time.

Orbital Sander

The Oscillating spindle sander is largely replaced by the sander having a sanding pad that makes a circular motion.

Thus orbital sander spreads the sanding power much more evenly over the pan.

These types of sanders are very useful for smaller lightweight tasks, and sanding also edges.

At this time people related to woodwork are large in the number who use this sander as a major basic machine for his or their works.

Palm Sander

Palm sanders are typically rectangular shaped. Sometimes they are also square and also have many sizes of sheets.

Normally people use it on a painted board.

Random Orbital Sanders

In the case of the orbital sander, there was a problem that makes scratches on the wood for its circular motion. But technology came with a solution named Random Orbital Sanders.

The differences between the first one and this updated one are, this one is a much-finishing sander and doesn’t make any scratches like the first one.

It has as well as a circular motion. Along with that, it allows the sounding head to sort of jitter around a smaller bit.

Drum Sander

It has also two kinds. One is a Drum sander fixed on the Benched top and the other one is a Flooring drum sander.

The first one is fixed on the top of a bench and people use it for making the surfaces plain and reducing the thickness by removing the high points.

The other one also does the same works.

A drum sander is much heavier and comparatively larger, that it needs two people to carry it.

Detail Sander

It is mainly a family member of the orbital sander. Consisting of a triangular pad. It is mainly used for narrow spaces in furniture and boards.

Dry Wall Sander

The drywall sander exactly looks like a metal detector machine.

It is used for smoothing the drywall or for taking off the paintings for new applications.

Basic You Need to Know about Sandpapers and Grits

There are a chart and fixed applications of sandpapers according to their grit numbers

And they are-

40-60: They are used for Bumps, Old paints, old finishes, and also rough lumber.

80:  Scratches appeared in shallow depth and for saw blade burns.

120:  For softwoods and enamel paints.

180:  Woodgrain fibers that are being raised, also for surface irregularities and for latex.

220:  Second and third level sanding and for the beginning of surface finishing

320:  Third and fourth level of sanding and for wet sanding.

400:  Final surface finishing and topcoat smoothing and oil finishing.

600+:  For polishing plastic and metals.

To know more please visit Best Sheet Sander.


Things to Keep In Mind While Using Sander

  • Use hand gloves for safety
  • Use vacuum instead of a smaller bag in case of a large number of sanding works.
  • Use a pencil and mark the surface area for reducing confusion.
  • Always remember to give the last touch up to the surfaces.
  • Be confirmed about using any sander for a certain purpose.



From the above discussion, we can find out many types of sanders available in the markets nowadays.

But people should buy a sander according to their types of works. There’s no need for making a collection if it’s not in use for woodworks.

So readers can consider it as advice that to be sure about which of the sander is useful for you or you need. Otherwise, there will be just losses of money, time, woods, and works.

Good luck with your work and new sanders.

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